The design process can be broken down into phases: Pre-Design, Schematic Design, Design Development, Construction Documentation and Construction Administration.
Pre design:The first steps of a project are to gain familiarity with the site and understanding of the clients needs and goals, we call that the program. Oftentimes, the program is clarified or refined in this phase, as general expectations and desires are articulated.
Schematic Design: Typically, several design options get explored and evaluated in the schematic design phase. The purpose is to find the right design concept without getting lost in details prematurely. This process is informed by the site analysis described above, as well as research of local building traditions and materials.
Design Development:In the Design Development phase, the design that emerged out of the schematic phase gets refined, and the structure of the building evolves. There is still plenty of interaction with the client; for example, in optimizing the kitchen layout or discussing furniture placement. In a commercial project, the focus shifts to issues such as space optimization or adaptability.
Construction Documentation: Construction Documents are time intensive for the design professionals, and the client's input might include selection of finish materials, deciding upon building components such as windows, or reviewing electrical-mechanical layouts. The bulk of the work is to incorporate the structural design and create a consistent plan set with all the information required to obtain a building permit.
Construction Administration: After the project breaks ground, it is the responsibility of the contractor to implement the plans. However, a certain level of oversight is needed to ensure the proper execution of a design, and to make sure that a building reaches its potential. Requests for clarification or additional details may come from the jobsite.